Friday, July 26, 2013

Don Manuel Gallegos and "Cajetito"

Don Manuel Gallegos and “Cajetito”

While I have established that my paternal surname is an adopted name, it’s still my family name, descending from a long line of Gallegos men – at least eight generations to Manuel Gallegos, who served as Alcalde Mayor of Santa Fe in 1761-63, shortly before his death.

I always assumed that since he held a prominent position in the local Spanish government of the capital city, there had to be more records about the Alcalde Mayor. No doubt, he must have been a descendent of the first Gallegos men who came to New Mexico in the mid-1600s, before the Pueblo Revolt. But I haven’t determined the identity of his parents.

I found a handful or records about Manuel’s time as mayor. But I recently came across more detailed estate records related to his death in 1763, thanks to the transcription of the Spanish Colonial records posted online by researcher Henrietta Christmas. Those estate records confirm my assumptions that Manuel Gallegos left plenty of material goods – worth about 1,075 pesos -- to his wife, Juana Maria Baca, and nine heirs when he died.

What I didn’t expect is one of those possessions was a servant named Joseph Antonio, known by the alias “Cajetito,” an Indian genizaro. I’m note sure of the origin of the nickname, which basically means little bucket. But the designation as Indian genizaro meant he was an Indian slave or servant, probably captured or purchased from a nearby tribe or pueblo.

That news on its own wasn’t a major surprise. Many prominent Spanish families in the 17th and 18th centuries, including my own Chavez ancestors, had servants. I have been meaning to write about the capture and trade of Indian children, and sometimes children of Spanish colonists. It is a complicated subject, and I have seen examples of both sides of the practice in my family tree.

The surprise in this case was two-fold: first it was a shock to see Joseph Antonio listed as a possession after the death of Manuel Gallegos; and second, the name Joseph Antonio suggests that perhaps this servant is the father of my own ancestor, Jose Antonio Gallegos, who was raised in the home of Manuel’s son, Manuel Gallegos Jr., in the early 1800s.

I know – it’s confusing. My paternal family tree, starting with myself, goes like this:
1.     Gilbert Gallegos, Jr.
2.     Gilbert Gallegos Sr.
3.     Carlos Gallegos
4.     Luis Gallegos (raised in the home of Manuel Gallegos)
5.     Manuel Gallegos
6.     Gregorio Gallegos
7.     Jose Antonio Gallegos (“criado” or raised in the home of Manuel Gallegos)
8.     (possible) Joseph Antonio, aka “Cajetito” (genizaro in the home of Alcalde Mayor Manuel Gallegos)

I can’t be certain whether my Gallegos line extends to Indian ancestors or the Alcalde Mayor Manuel Gallegos. And as I said, I already know through my DNA that my paternal heritage is linked to the original Duran y Chaves family. My Great-Grandfather Luis Gallegos was raised by a Gallegos family, but his own paternal ancestry is not known.

What is clear is that Luis Gallegos, and his ancestors before him, were raised with the Gallegos name – the same surname my grandfather, my father and I inherited.

While I have not determined the parents of Manuel Gallegos, the Alcalde Mayor of Santa Fe, this is what I know about him:

He was born about 1720, based on records that identified his age later on in life. Without his baptismal or marriage records, I have not found records identifying his parents or his place of birth.

He married Maria Josefa Baca, and they had nine children, including Manuel Antonio Gallegos, who was born in 1753. Manuel Jr. married Maria de la Luz Ortiz, and gave his Gallegos surname to Jose Antonio, my ancestor who was either Indian or a mix of Indian and Spanish.

Manuel Sr. served at Lt. Alcalde Mayor of Santa Fe in 1751 and 1752. A decade later, he was Alcalde Mayor and War Captain from 1761 to 1763.

Manuel Gallegos died on Dec. 29, 1763, according to the estate record transcribed by Henrietta Christmas. The next day, the Lt. Governor took an inventory of his holdings, followed several months later by the completed inventory, which was valued at 1,075 pesos:
Ø  One house that consists of four rooms, one large hall, one room, one kitchen and one store room,(150 pesos)
Ø  Built upon 30 varas of land with all its agricultural lands lying adjoining the house, that consists from north to south 400 hundred and some varas and from east to west 200 varas (100 pesos)
Ø  One old saddle with its equipment (40 pesos)
Ø  One old rifle with its case “San Miquelena.” (30 pesos)
Ø  One pair of spurs (6 pesos)
Ø  One leather jacket with six button holes (40 pesos)
Ø  One coat of Spanish cloth and pants of the same (45 pesos)
Ø  One pipe with an old gold stem (8 pesos)
Ø  One old hat (3 pesos)
Ø  One cloth cloak from “Queretaro” (15 pesos)
Ø  One axe (4 pesos)
Ø  One weaving frame (15 pesos)
Ø  Fourteen male mules and one unbroken mule (460 pesos)
Ø  One female burro (15 pesos)
Ø  One male mule that is to be paid by a servant of Vicar Santiago
Ø  Five pesos due him by Roque Lobato
Ø  Three pesos due him by the Indian Antonio Vigil
Ø  Joseph Antonio, alias “Cajetito” Indian genizaro
Ø  Due by Miguel Romero, deceased one cow and a calf (25 pesos)
Ø  Due by the deceases six varas of cloth to Bicente Martinez, soldier (6 pesos)
Ø  Due by deceased, to Pedro Rendon, three peso
The inventory was completed several months later:
Ø  Five male mules and serge cloth with trimmings (30 pesos)
Ø  Four pairs of shoes (8 pesos)
Ø  Two handkerchiefs (3 pesos)
Ø  One piece of cloth sufficient to make a cape (24 pesos)
Ø  One peso in soap (1 peso)
Ø  Two pounds of chocolate and two pounds of sugar (6 pesos)
Ø  One-half pound of bluing (2 pesos)
Ø  Three varas of ribbon (1.5 pesos)
Ø  Three canvas sheets for the patio (24 pesos)
Ø  One cotton shawl (5 pesos)
Said property being acquired by the sale of two male mules and six fanegas of piñon nuts, also five pesos in silver, which were delivered in good to the widow of the deceased Manuel Gallegos, six equipment’s with riata lassos (24 pesos)
Juana Maria Baca, the widow of Manuel Gallegos testified that she brought with her to the marriage: 156 ewes and a part in two ranches farming land that she inherited from her father and sold for 196 pesos

1 comment:

  1. I wanted to share this on Pinterest but was unable to because there is no photo shared. You have to provide a photo to go with these in order to share them.
    I hope you'll be able to do that because this was so interesting.